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Casper Model Sheet. Dated "4/13/50." Stat model sheet of Casper. On bottom row, Casper is shown lifting a little boy. Glossy paper. [Item: 14”W X 11.5”H] Acquired 1999. SeqID-0431
NOTE: Use the "Content By Category" (right side) to find films and characters. This blog is for Animation and Comic related images, artifacts, and commentary on holdings in The Cowan Collection. Copyright by original holders.
Robert Fred Moore (September 7, 1911 - November 23, 1952), was an American artist and character animator for Walt Disney Productions. Often called "Freddie", he was born and raised in Los Angeles, California. Despite limited formal art training, he rose to prominence at Disney very quickly in the early thirties due to his great natural talent and the tremendous appeal of his drawings, which is still greatly admired by animators and animation fans.
Moore is best known for being the resident specialist in the animation of Mickey Mouse. He is most notable for re-designing the character in 1938 for his landmark role as The Sorcerer's Apprentice in Fantasia, a look which remains Mickey's official look to this day. His animation of the earlier Mickey design was especially memorable in the 1938 short Brave Little Tailor, the last significant appearance of the "pie-eyed" Mickey.
Moore's other significant work at the studio included "The Three Little Pigs", on which he was the principal animator; animation supervision of the dwarfs in "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs"; most of Lampwick in "Pinocchio" (all of the poolroom scene and until halfway through his transformation to a donkey); and Timothy the mouse in "Dumbo". Moore animated some of the later scenes of the White Rabbit in "Alice In Wonderland", and did the mermaids in the Mermaid Lagoon for "Peter Pan".
Moore was well-known around the studio for his drawings of innocently sexy, often nude, women, referred to as "Freddie Moore Girls." Some of his girl designs found their way into Disney films: for example, the centaurettes in Fantasia and the teenage girls in the "All the Cats Join In" segment of Make Mine Music. (In "All The Cats Join In", Moore personally animated the sequence at the beginning, when the girl answers the telephone and then quickly showers and dresses, through to her scene putting on lipstick in front of her mirror). Moore's enduring influence can also be seen in the design of Casey's daughters in the 1954 short "Casey Bats Again". His girl drawings remain iconic and influential. A model sheet for Ariel in the 1989 Disney film The Little Mermaid" made specific distinctions between the design of that character and a "Freddie Moore Girl".
Moore's drawings and design style have come to epitomize the formative years of the studio in between Ub Iwerks' departure in 1931 and the ascension of the "Nine Old Men", after which studio design was dominated by animator Milt Kahl, along with storyboard artist Bill Peet, and later production designer Ken Anderson. During the 1930s, Moore, Art Babbitt, Norm Ferguson, Bill Tytla, and Ham Luske were the dominant Disney animators whose pioneering work culminated in 1937 with the breakthrough of "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs".
Moore was a close friend of fellow animators Ward Kimball and Walt Kelly, though he apparently had a quieter and more reserved nature than either of them. Many surviving gag drawings by Kelly from the period of "Pinocchio" show Kimball as the corrupt Lampwick, with boyish Moore as Pinocchio. Moore and Kimball were also caricatured as song and dance men in the 1941 Mickey Mouse short "The Nifty Nineties". Moore makes a brief (and quiet) live-action appearance in the 1941 feature "The Reluctant Dragon", along with Kimball and animator Norm Ferguson during one of the studio tour sequences.
Moore was already at work animating the mermaids and the lost boys for Peter Pan when both he and his second wife, Virginia, were injured in a traffic accident early on the evening of Saturday, November 22, 1952, when their car was struck head-on while she made a U-turn on a rural highway through Big Tujunga Canyon near the Angeles National Forest. The Moores were reportedly returning from a day spent watching a football game with fellow Disney artist Jack Kinney. Moore died the following day at St. Joseph's Hospital in Burbank, California from a cerebral hemorrhage resulting from a concussion. Moore is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills) in a plot overlooking the Disney Studios.
Fred Moore was posthumously inducted as a Disney Legend by the studio in 1995, and posthumously received the industry's Winsor McKay Award in 1983.
Wong and his father immigrated to the United States from China in 1919. When he attended Benjamin Franklin Junior High in Pasadena, his teachers noticed Wong's artistic ability and arranged for a summer scholarship at the Otis Art Institute. Wong was hooked and decided to leave junior high for a full time studentship at Otis. Since his family was poor, he worked as a janitor at this school and walked for miles just to attend classes. It paid off as Wong had a lucrative career as an artist in Hollywood.
He has done everything from working as a greeting card designer to Warner Bros. film production illustrator (1942-1968), from drawing set designs and storyboard for several movies to being a Disney inspirational sketch artist (1938-1941). It was his lush pastels that served as inspiration for Bambi (1942) where he was the lead artist of the project.
Tyrus Wong left Disney studios shortly after finishing Bambi, due to repercussions from the Disney animators' strike. Later, he has designed Christmas cards, where some have sold over 1 million copies.
In 1927 Joe Neebe, an advertising man, approached Edgar Rice Burroughs with the idea of adapting Tarzan for the newspaper comics. At this time the "funnies" were just that ~ humorous cartoons like Barney Google or Mutt and Jeff. Others, like Little Orphan Annie, were similar to serials, with each day's adventure continuing on to the next day's installment. This is what Neebe had in mind for Tarzan.
Neebe hired Hal Foster to adapt Tarzan of the Apes for the daily newspaper strip. Foster would achieve his greatest fame as the creator of Prince Valiant, but at the time he started with Tarzan he was an advertising illustrator. The Tarzan strip debuted on January 7, 1929 (the same day as the first Buck Rogers strip). Foster managed to cram the first Tarzan novel into ten weeks (sixty daily strips altogether). Eventually this strip was published in book form, technically making it the first Tarzan comic book.
Foster's dynamic retelling of the Tarzan story was a welcome change from the usual comic fare, and soon newspapers across the country were clamoring to carry the strip. But if Tarzan in a black-and-white daily strip was something ~ wait until Tarzan hit the Sunday color comics! This debuted in March of 1931. First illustrated by Rex Maxon, after six months (and a lot of pressure from Burroughs) he was replaced by Foster, who quickly made Tarzan the first thing America wanted to read Sunday morning. All the wild adventure that Hollywood couldn't get into a movie was in full display in Foster's pages.
When Hal Foster left Tarzan in 1936 in order to work on Prince Valiant, he handed the reigns over to Burne Hogarth, who quickly made Tarzan into one of the most vivid and action-packed comics ever seen. His mastery of human and animal forms, the unconventionality of his layout, and his ability to make the images leap off the page earned Hogarth the title "The Michaelangelo of the Comics."
Rubimor: (Ruben Moreira) (6/27/1922 - 5/21/1984, Puerto Rico) Ruben Moreira moved from his native Puerto Rico to the USA. Here, he took over the 'Tarzan' Sunday page from Burne Hogarth. He drew the strip from 1945 to 1947 under the pseudonym "Rubimor." His style was less spectacular then Hogarth's, yet his storytelling had a resemblance to the writing of Tarzan's creator, Edgar Rice Burroughs. In the 1950s he drew for DC Comics, working on titles such as 'Wonder Woman' and 'Roy Raymond'. He retired from comics in 1962 and returned to Puerto Rico.
Here’s an interesting piece by George McManus of Maggie & Jiggs fame. These 3 signed watercolors by McManus are Specialty pieces he did of the 3 main characters from his ''Newlyweds'' strip in 1908. They are still in the original frame and in excellent condition. As you know, watercolors by strip artists are tough to come by. Thought you might like it. You know, one of the interesting things about it was how remarkably popular the strip was and that it only lasted for about 18 months! Using the idea of the remarkably beautiful woman married to the rather plain (or down right ugly) husband was a VERY unique thing at the time. It was a "gag" that became so integrated into American culture that you don't even think of it as a gag any more. but McManus did it first. The taste of the American public was growing and maturing at a fantastic rate. The measure of what was considered "beautiful" was changing almost alarmingly fast. McManus was one of the first artists in America to see the trend moving away from the "well rounded" woman to the more modern ideal of the slim, intelligent "backbone of the family" image. This basic theme carried through to his Maggie & Jiggs strip, who's instant popularity caused the demise of the earlier effort. Historically it's important because it was his first major success and it put McManus in the "right place at the right time" to develop the later strip. The actual art done for "The Newlyweds" was probably the best pure art McManus ever produced and the three paintings.
George McManus (January 23, 1884 – October 22, 1954) is an American cartoonist best known as the creator of Irish immigrant Jiggs and his wife Maggie, the central characters in his syndicated comic strip, Bringing Up Father. Born in St. Louis, Missouri of Irish parents, McManus had an innate gift for drawing and a sense of humor. He dropped out of school at age 15 to join the art department of the St. Louis Republic, where he created his first comic strip, Alma and Oliver. In 1904, after winning some money, he headed for New York City and a job with the prestigious New York World, where he worked on several short-lived strips, including Snoozer, The Merry Marcelene, Ready Money Ladies, Cheerful Charlie' and 'Nibsby the Newsboy in Funny Fairyland, Panhandle Pete and Let George Do It. In 1904, when McManus created the first American family strip, The Newlyweds, about an elegant young couple and their baby Snookums, the popularity of the strip prompted The New York American to invite McManus to join their paper, which he did from 1912 on. Renaming The Newlyweds as Their Only Child, he continued that strip and launched other daily strips: Rosie's Beau, Love Affairs of a Mutton Head, Spareribs and Gravy and Bringing Up Father. Syndicated internationally by King Features Syndicate, Bringing Up Father achieved great success and was produced by McManus from 1913 until his death, when Vernon Greene and Frank Fletcher took over. In 1995, the strip was one of 20 included in the "Comic Strip Classics" series of commemorative United States postage stamps. McManus died in 1954 in Santa Monica, California and was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York.
Ernest Paul "Ernie" Bushmiller, Jr. (1905 - 1982) was an American cartoonist, best known for creating the long-running daily comic strip Nancy. Bushmiller's work has been repeatedly addressed by other artists: Andy Warhol made a 1961 painting based on "Nancy"; the artist and poet Joe Brainard made numerous works based on Nancy; and many cartoonists have produced work directly inspired by or commenting on Bushmiller's art, including Art Spiegelman, Bill Griffith, Mark Newgarden and Chris Ware. The American Heritage Dictionary uses a Bushmiller "Nancy" strip to illustrate its entry on "comic strip."
He was born in the Bronx on August 23, 1905 of immigrant parents. His father was also an artist. Bushmiller quit school at 14 to work as a copy boy at the New York World newspaper. At night, he took art classes at the National Academy of Design. Bushmiller married Abby Bohnet in 1930. They had no children.
In 1925, cartoonist Larry Whittington, creator of the comic strip Fritzi Ritz, left to produce another strip, Mazie the Model. Bushmiller then took over Fritzi Ritz, ghostwriting it, before eventually taking over officially. Bushmiller's name would not appear on the strip until May 1926. In 1933, Bushmiller introduced the character of Nancy, Fritzi's niece, to the strip. The character proved popular, and her appearances became more frequent and Aunt Fritzi's less frequent, so much so that the strip was renamed Nancy in 1938. Bushmiller also created the comic strip Phil Fumble, which ran from 1932 through 1938. Bushmiller worked briefly for film comedian Harold Lloyd in 1931, writing gags for the film, Movie Crazy.
Bushmiller was one of the founding members of the National Cartoonists Society. He received their Humor Comic Strip Award, and their Reuben Award in 1976 for his work on Nancy. In 1979, Bushmiller was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, but continued to produce the strip with the help of assistants Will Johnson and Al Plastino. On August 15, 1982, Bushmiller died of a heart attack.